From the sample 3rd grade math test from Smarter Balanced Assessments, which is developing Common Core tests for 31 states:
Discuss these problems in terms of:
1. 21st century skills
2. the Common Core Standards' goal of preparing students "for college and career," and
3. the difference between labels (where the primary challenge is knowing the meaning of a particular mathematical label) vs. concepts (where you have to understand a non-trivial mathematical concept).